Foundational and Supplemental Documents
Provision 1 Resource
- American Nurses Association. (2010).The nurse’s role in ethics and human rights: Protecting and promoting individual worth, dignity, and human rights in practice settings.
- Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics. Oxford university press.
- International Council of Nurses (ICN). (2012).Code of Ethics for Nurses.
- International Council of Nurses (ICN). (2009).Statement on Health and Human Rights.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- World Health Organization resources on the right to health.
Provision 2 Resource
- Watson, J. (2003). Jean Watson and the theory of human caring. Theory overview.
- Watson, J. (2004). Caring Science: A Core Science for Health Professions. Philadelphia, PA FA Davis
- Slote, M. A. (2007). The Ethics of Care and Empathy. London, New York: Routledge.
- Davis, ; A., de Raeve, L. & Tschudin, V. ( 2006). The teaching of Nursing Ethics, Content and Methods London, Elsevier.
- The Belmont Report
- NIH Ethical Principles
- NIH Conflict of Interest Ethics Regulations
- NIH Policies, Laws, Regulations
- Health Care Privacy and Conflict-of-Interest Regulations Relevant to Protection of Human Participants in Research
- Benner, P. & Wrubel, J. (1989). The Primacy of Caring: Stress and Coping in health and illness. Menlo Park, CA. Addison-Wesley.
- Benner, P., Sutphen, M., Leonard, V. & Day, L. (2009). Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation. New York: NY Jossey-Bass Carnegie Foundation.
- AACN Essentials Documents
- National Council of State Boards of Nursing
- AACN Crosswalk of the Master’s Essentials with the Baccalaureate and DNP Essentials
Provision 3 Resource
- ANA Leadership Institute Competency Model 8/13
- ANA Position Statement on Privacy and Confidentiality
- ANA Position Statement on Professional Role Competence - Reaffirmed 11/14.
The public has a right to expect registered nurses to demonstrate professional competence throughout their careers. ANA believes the registered nurse is individually responsible and accountable for maintaining professional competence. The ANA further believes that it is the nursing profession’s responsibility to shape and guide any process for assuring nurse competence. Regulatory agencies define minimal standards for regulation of practice to protect the public. The employer is responsible and accountable to provide an environment conducive to competent practice. Assurance of competence is the shared responsibility of the profession, individual nurses, professional organizations, credentialing and certification entities, regulatory agencies, employers, and other key stakeholders.
- ANA Position Statement on Abuse of Prescription Drugs - Approved 4/5/91
ANA opposes fraudulent or incompetent prescribing activities by health care providers and the misuse of prescribed drugs by nurses themselves. The association encourages comprehensive pharmacology education for nurses practicing in all settings to ensure safe and appropriate prescription of drugs. The association believes education for nurses with prescription privileges should include, but not be limited to:
(A) Education on the misuse, abuse and addictive potential of prescription drugs.
(B) Vulnerabilities of special populations which place them at higher risk for drug dependence, i.e. newborns, adolescents, preadolescents, elders, and individuals with chronic illnesses, including substance dependency and mental illness.
(C) Legal provisions for accountability of the nurse for assessment, intervention and evaluation in relation to prescription, illicit and legal drugs (alcohol).
(D) Education in prescription practice and management for metabolic altering natural substances such as steroids and growth hormone.
- ANA’s Resolution Statement on The Profession’s Response to the Problem of Addictions and Psychiatric Disorders in Nursing
- Barnsteiner, J. (2011). Teaching the Culture of Safety. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol 16, No. 3 Sept. 2011.
- Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects. Code of Federal Regulations TITLE 45. Public Welfare- Dept. of HHS, Part 46 (Revised 2009)
- Impaired Nurse Toolkit- Organization of Maine Nurse Executives
- Lachman, VD; Murray, JS; & Ganske, KM. (2012). Doing the right thing: Pathways to moral courage. American Nurse Today, May 2012: vol. 7; no. 5.www.americannursetoday.com/doing-the-right-thing-pathways-to-moral-courage/
- The AACN Synergy Model for Patient Care (Nurse competencies)
- Weaver, SJ; Dy, S; Lubomski, LH; & Wilson, R. (2013). Chapter 33 Promoting a Culture of Safety in Making Health Care Safer II: An Updated Critical Analysis of the Evidence for Patient Safety Practices. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Mar. 2013. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK133394/
- 2015 Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Develop a Culture of Safety. www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Changes/DevelopaCultureofSafety.aspx
Provision 4 Resource
Provision 4.1: Authority, Accountability, and Responsibility
- Raso, R. (2015). Being accountable (or the unexpected virtue of no excuses). Nursing Management, 46(5), 6. DOI: 10.1097/01.NUMA.0000463889.59919.ee
- Ridge, R. A. (2015). Putting the I in integrity. Nursing Management, 46(4), 52-54. DOI: 10.1097/01.NUMA.0000462381.26593.91
Provision 4.2: Accountability for Nursing Judgments, Decisions, and Actions
- Spiva, L. A., Jarrell, N.,& Baio, P. (2014). The power of nursing peer review. Journal of Nursing Administration, 44 (11), 586-90. DOI:10.1097/NNA.0000000000000130
Provision 4.3: Responsibility for Nursing Judgments, Decisions and Actions
- Miltner, R. S., Jukkala, A., Dawson, M. A., & Patrician, P. A. (2015). Professional development needs of nurse managers.Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 46(6), 252-258. DOI 10.3928/00220124-20150518-01
- Blažun, H., Kokol, P., & Vosner, J. (2015). Research literature production on nursing competencies from 1981 till 2012: A bibliometric snapshot. Nursing Education Today, 35, 673-679. DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.01.002
Provision 4.4: Assignment and Delegation of Nursing Activities or Tasks
- Aroke, E. N. (2014), Full nursing potential: A concept clarification. Nursing Forum, 49(4), 278-287. DOI:10.1111/nuf.12096
- The Joint Commission (2015). Speak up initiatives. Retrieved from www.jointcommission.org/speakup.aspx
- Montalvo, I. (2007). The National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®). The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 12(3). DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol12No03Man02
Provision 5 Resources
- Hill, N., American Philosophical Quarterly; Vol. 40, No. 2 (Apr., 2003), pp. 131-142; Published by: University of Illinois Press; Article Stable URL: www.jstor.org/stable/20010107
- Duty to care versus duty to self
Schroeter, K., Journal Of Trauma Nursing: The Official Journal Of The Society Of Trauma Nurses, Vol. 15 No.1 (2008), pp. 3-4; Doi:10.1097/01.JTN.0000315779.97341.d3
Agency, duties and the "Ashley treatment"Tan, N., and Brassington, I., Journal of Medical Ethics; Vol. 35, No. 11 (November 2009), pp. 658-661; Published by: BMJ; Article Stable URL: www.jstor.org/stable/20696671
Self-care strategies for nurses: A psycho-educational intervention for stress reduction and the prevention of burnout.Kravits, K., McAllister-Black, R., Grant, M., and Kirk, C., Journal of Applied Nursing Research, Vol. 23, No. 3, (August 2010) pp. 130-8. Doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2008.08.002.
- The Interprofessional Institute for Self-Care at Kent State University School of Nursing,
Kent State University College of Nursing; P.O. Box 5190; Kent, OH 44242
An excellent website!
- Winnipeg Regional Health Authority,
650 Main Street; 4th Floor, Winnipeg, Manitoba; R3B1E2, Canada
This site has an extensive list of resources for nurses who need assistance with duties to self
- University of Minnesota Center for Spirituality & Healing
Mayo Memorial Building; C592420 Delaware Street SE; Minneapolis, MN 55455
This site has great material that the practicing nurse can access online, especially the section on "taking charge of your health & wellbeing"
- Me Too! Self-Regarding Duties in Nursing
Marsha Fowler, PhD, MDiv, MS, RN, FAAN
Access through the ANA Website
Free to ANA members: $55.00 cost to non-members
Provision 6 Resource
- Clark, C. M. (2013). Creating and sustaining civility in nursing education. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International Publishing. www.shawnee.edu/academics/celebration-of-scholarship/media/the-pedagogy-of-civility-clark-acg-2013.pdf
- Crigger, N., & Godfrey, N. (2011). The making of nurse professionals. A transformational, ethical approach. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.www.professionalnursing.org/article/S8755-7223%2814%2900062-3/ppt
- Lower, J. (2012). Civility starts with you. American Nurse Today, 7(5), 21-22.www.thefreelibrary.com/Mission+possible%3A+Creating+a+culture+of+civility.-a0348569237
Provision 7 Resource
- American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2006). Position Statement: Nursing Research.
- American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2008). The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education in Nursing.
- American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2010). The Research-Focused Doctoral Program in Nursing. Pathways to Excellence.
- American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). The Essentials of Masters Education in Nursing.
- American Association of Critical Care Nurses. (2005). AACN Standards for establishing and sustaining healthy work environments.
- American Association of Critical Care Nurses. (2008). Public Policy Position statement: Moral distress.
- American Nurses Association. (2009). Nursing Administration: Scope and Standards of Practice 3rd Edition. In revision.
- Beauchamp, T.L. & Childress, J.F. (2012). Principles of biomedical ethics, 8th Ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Ethics Work Group, American Association of Critical Care Nurses. (2006). The four A's to rise above moral distress: Ask, affirm, assess, act.
Facilitators’ Toolkit: http://www.aacn.org/dm/products/ProductDetails.aspx?productid=140332&prodtyp=product&subsystem=ORD
- Institute of Medicine. (2011). The Future of Nursing. Leading change, advancing health. Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine.
- Jonsen, A., Siegler, M., & Winslade, M. (2015). Clinical Ethics: A practical approach to ethical decisions in clinical medicine, 8th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
- Murthy L, Shepperd S, Clarke MJ, Garner SE, Lavis JN, Perrier L, Roberts NW, Straus SE. (2012). Interventions to improve the use of findings from systematic reviews.
- Sigma Theta Tau International. Faculty Knowledge/Skills Development Program.
Provision 8 Resource
- From wikipedia, this has useful information and links to important documents on the right to health. http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_health
- ICN position statements. http://www.icn.ch/publications/position-statements/
- Article from Holistic Nursing Practice:
Strout, K. (2012). Wellness Promotion and the Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing Report: Are Nurses Ready? Kelley Strout MSN, RN
- WHO on global health diplomacy. http://www.who.int/trade/diplomacy/en/
- US Global Health Initiative Strategy http://www.pepfar.gov/documents/organization/136504.pdf
- Article from Nursing Outlook, 2013.
Global health diplomacy: An integrative review of the literature and implications for nursing.
- The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics has a major research focus on culturally competent care; that is, health care that is sensitive to the differing values and needs of cultural subgroups within our pluralistic society. This section of our Web site provides articles, cases, and commentary emerging from this research
- Expert panel on global nursing and health from the American Academy of Nursing and Transcultural Nursing Society, standards of practice for culturally competent nursing care.
- Article on conflict and cultural competence from OJIN.
- ANA white paper (2008) on Adapting Standards of Care Under Extreme Conditions.
- Article: A Critical Intersection: Human Rights, Public Health Nursing, and Nursing Ethics. Cheryl E. Easley PhD, RN, Carol Easley Allen PhD, RN. Advances in Nursing Science. December 2007 Volume 30 Number 4 Pages 367 - 382
- ANA Issue briefs: Health System Reform: Nursing's goal of high quality affordable care for all.
- Nursing beyond borders: Access to health care for undocumented and documented immigrants living in the United States
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - CDC Health disparities and inequalities report. CDC and its partners work to identify and address the factors that lead to health disparities among racial, ethnic, geographic, socioeconomic, and other groups so that barriers to health equity can be removed. The first step in this process is to shine a bright light on the problems to be solved. Providing accurate, useful data on the causes of illness and death in the United States and across the world is a foundation of CDC's mission and work. http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/CHDIReport.html
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Healthy People 2020 The four general goals of this project are within the domain of nursing and are amenable to collaboration with other healthcare professionals to reduce health disparities ( Fowler, 2015). http://www.healthypeople.gov
- Article: The social determinants of health: It's time to consider the causes of the causes. http://www.publichealthreports.org/issueopen.cfm?articleID=3078
- Article: Prioritizing health: A human right's analysis of disaster, vulnerability, and urbanization in New Orleans and Port au Prince. http://www.hhrjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/2014/06/Carmalt2.pdf
Provision 9 Resource
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). EPC Evidence-based practice.
- American Association of Colleges of Nursing.
- Fowler, M. ANA. (2015). Guide to nursing’s social policy statement: Understanding the essence of the profession.
- ANA. (2015). Nursing: Scope and standards of practice.
- American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC).
- Environmental Defense Fund.
- Fowler, M. (2015). Guide to the code of ethics for nurses with interpretative statements: Development, interpretation, and application. 2nd ed. Silver Spring, MD: ANA.
- Human Trafficking.
- International Centre on Nurse Migration (ICNM).
- International Council of Nurses (ICN). (2012). Code of Ethics for Nurses.
- ICN position statements.
- NASA Global Climate Change.
- National Council of State Boards of Nursing.
- National League for Nursing.
- World Health Organization. (2011). Health and social justice. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 89,78. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.082388.
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