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Clinical Tools

Looking for the tools nurses need to recommend and give specific immunizations? This is the place!

Nurses do more than administer vaccines. They order vaccine supply, ensure that the vaccines are stored and handled correctly, document vaccines, and assess a patient's immunization history to determine vaccine needs.

Immunization Schedules

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) suggest that all individuals get vaccinated. It is important that children and adults receive vaccinations according to a schedule that optimizes health and reduces the chance of contracting a vaccine-preventable disease.

Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years or Older

In October 2017, ACIP approved the 2018 immunization schedule for adults age 19 or older, effective February 2018.

Child & Adolescent Immunization Schedules

Current year ACIP childhood and adolescent immunization recommendations. The Schedules lists the ages (birth through 6 years old and 7 through 18 years old) for when each vaccine or series of shots is to be given as well as a catch-up schedule for immunizations that are late or missed. On this page you will find the schedules in several printing formats, vaccination screening forms, and links to related topics in childhood and adolescent immunizations.

Vaccinations for Women Before, During, and After Pregnancy

Vaccines play a major role in keeping you and your growing family healthy. If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, the specific vaccinations you need are determined by factors such as your age, lifestyle, medical conditions, such as asthma or diabetes, type and locations of travel, and previous vaccinations. Review recommendation vaccination schedule which shows the vaccines you may need before, during, and after pregnancy.

Binational Vaccinations

Vaccinations that have been administered in Mexico may not meet U.S. immunization standards.

Current Vaccine Shortages and Delays

Recommendations & Guidelines

ACIP Recommendations & Guidelines
Comprehensive (recommendations applying to multiple or all vaccines) and Vaccine-specific (recommendations applying to a single vaccine or disease) list of ACIP Recommendations & Guidelines. Source Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Administering Vaccines
Clinic procedures handouts for administering vaccines. Source: Immunization Action Coalition

Screening Questionnaires
Sample questionnaires and screening forms to help you evaluate which vaccines can be given at that day's visit. Source: Immunization Action Coalition

Vaccine Acronyms & Abbreviations
This vaccine abbreviations page lists abbreviations used for vaccines, including some "old" or non-standard abbreviations used on immunization records. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

School Entry Requirements State-By-State
All states have minimum immunization requirements for children in order for them to attend child care or school. These requirements ensure that communicable diseases are not spread in the school setting, so that children can learn in a safe, healthy environment.

Providing Vaccination Services
Essential materials for your clinic. Source; Immunization Action Coalition

Medical Management of Vaccine Reactions
Even after careful screening vaccine reactions can occur. This handout describes procedures to follow if various reactions occur. Source: Immunization Action Coalition

Recommendations for Vaccines for HIV/AIDS Patients
A guide to immunizing persons with HIV/AIDS. Immunizations against infectious diseases are a cornerstone of preventive medicine and are an extremely important component of care for immunosuppressed patients.

Standing Orders for Vaccine Administration
Source: Immunization Action Coalition

Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) is a national vaccine safety surveillance program co-sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). VAERS is a post-marketing safety surveillance program, collecting information about adverse events (possible side effects) that occur after the administration of vaccines licensed for use in the United States.

HIPAA: Fact Sheet
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191). Addresses what is HIPAA, what is the HIPAA Privacy Rule, implications for public health and the definition of Public Health Authority. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases: The Pink Book (2015)
The Pink Book provides physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, and health care consumers with comprehensive information on vaccine-preventable diseases. Chapters include a description of the vaccine-preventable disease, pathogenesis, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, medical management, epidemiology, risk factors, trends in the United States, vaccine details, vaccination schedule and use, contraindications and precautions to vaccination, adverse reactions following vaccination, vaccine storage and handling, and reference and publications.

Vaccine Contraindications

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