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Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes clothing, gloves, face shields, goggles, facemasks, respirators, and other equipment to protect front-line workers from injury, infection, or illness. When used properly, PPE acts as a barrier to block transmission of infectious materials from blood, body fluids, or respiratory secretions to your skin, mouth, nose, and eyes. PPE may also protect high-risk patients from exposure to potentially infectious material. Together with hand washing, use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers, and covering coughs and sneezes, PPE minimizes the spread of infection from one person to another.

PPE Basics

When Choosing PPE, How Should We Think about Risk?
PPE: The What and the Why
Personal Protective Equipment
Auditing and Feedback of PPE Use
Coaching and Training Frontline Health Care Professionals
Transmission-Based Precautions
The Basics of Standard Precautions
Do's and Don'ts for wearing respirators
Do's and Don'ts for wearing masks
Do's and Don'ts for wearing gloves
Do's and Don'ts for wearing gowns
What is Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)?
Using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Guidance for the Use of PPE in Healthcare Settings

Donning and Doffing

Three Key Factors Required for a Respirator to be Effective
Using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Ebola Preparedness: PPE Guidelines (Donning: PAPR - Coverall)
Ebola Preparedness: PPE Guidelines (Donning: PAPR - Gown)
Ebola Preparedness: PPE Guidelines (Donning: N95 - Gown)
Demonstration of Doffing PPE
Demonstration of Donning PPE
How Do I Test the Seal on My N95?

Selection of PPE on the Frontline

Proper N95 Respirator Use
Guidance for the Use of PPE in Healthcare Settings
PPE for COVID-19 patient and Crisis Standards of Care
Why is Eye Protection Recommended for COVID-19?
Why Are Gloves Recommended for COVID-19?
Why Are Gowns Recommended for COVID-19?
What Is a Respirator?
What Is an N95?

Reprocessing and Sterilization of PPE

Device Reprocessing and Sterilization
Decontamination of Respirators
Cleaning? Disinfection? What Is the Difference?

Optimizing PPE Supply

How to Protect Yourself from Counterfeit N95 Respirators
Personal Protective Equipment: Questions and Answers
Strategies for Optimizing the Supply of N95 Respirators
PPE Burn Rate Calculator
Strategies for Optimizing the Supply of PPE during Shortages
Recommended Guidance for Extended Use N95
Optimizing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Supplies

The Project Firstline program is a national training collaborative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in partnership with ANA and the American Academy of Pediatrics, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit entity.

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Project Firstline is a national collaborative led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to provide infection control training and education to frontline health care workers and public health personnel. ANA is proud to partner with Project Firstline, as supported through Cooperative Agreement CDC-RFA-OT18-1802. CDC is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents of this webpage do not necessarily represent the policies of CDC or HHS and should not be considered an endorsement by the Federal Government.

As a key partner in this initiative, ANA is pleased to help bring critical training opportunities and resources to better equip all nurses with the tools necessary to provide optimal patient care in a safe environment. Placement of content on this website is not an endorsement of the source nor of any particular product or service, nor should it be construed as a statement that the source, or its products or services, are superior to those of any others. ANA and/or Project Firstline may not be the primary source of the content on this website. While we make every effort to provide up-to-date relevant content, resources or information may not have been updated yet to include recent changes, new findings, recommendations, or protocols.

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The American Nurses Foundation is a separate charitable organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. The Foundation does not engage in political campaign activities or communications.

The Foundation expressly disclaims any political views or communications published on or accessible from this website.

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