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Healthcare-Associated Infections

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Healthcare-Associated Infections

Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are infections that patients get while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions. HAIs occur in all settings of care, including hospitals, surgical centers, ambulatory clinics, and long-term care facilities such as nursing homes and rehabilitation facilities. Some patients are at greater risk than others-young children, the elderly, and persons with compromised immune systems are more likely to get an infection. Other risk factors are long hospital stays, the use of indwelling catheters, failure of healthcare workers to wash their hands, and overuse of antibiotics. Understanding warning signs, preventative measures, and operational best practices are crucial to infection prevention for nurses in their healthcare setting.

Antibiotic Stewardship

Measuring and improving how antibiotics are prescribed by clinicians and used by patients to effectively treat infections, protect patients from harm caused by unnecessary antibiotic use, and combat antibiotic resistance.

Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship
Antibiotics save lives
Improve Antibiotic Use to Combat Antibiotic Resistance
What is antibiotic resistant bacteria?
Do I really need antibiotics?
Can I feel better without antibiotics?
Viruses or Bacteria What's got you sick
Be Antibiotics Aware: Infections
Antibiotic Resistance Occurs When
Side Effects of Antibiotics
Making Health Care Safer
Combating Antibiotic Resistance: Antibiotic Use
Combating Antibiotic Resistance: Infection Prevention & Control
Combating Antibiotic Resistance: Environment & Sanitation
Combating Antibiotic Resistance: Tracking & Data
Combating Antibiotic Resistance: Vaccines, Therapeutics & Diagnostics
Antibiotics Aren’t Always The Answer
Fighting a Global Threat: CDC & Partners Combat Antibiotic Resistance
The Right Tool
Implementation of Antibiotic Stewardship Activities in Critical Access Hospitals
CDC’s Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship
2019 NHSN Training - Antibiotic Stewardship

Risk Assessment Tools

Discover free, on-the-go resources and risk assessment tools to help prevent health care acquired infections, from Project Firstline and ANA.

Intervention Cost Calculator
Deferred Admissions and Reimbursement Tool
Mortality Attribution Tool
Hospital-Acquired Conditions Expenditures Tool
Infection Control Assessment Tool for Acute Care Hospitals
Infection Control Assessment Tool for Long-Term Care Facilities
Infection Control Assessment Tool for Outpatient Settings
Infection Control Assessment Tool for Hemodialysis Facilities
Water Infection Control Risk Assessment Tool

C. diff

Find important information and free resources on how to prevent healthcare acquired C. Difficile infections, brought to you by Project Firstline and ANA.

Clostridioides difficile
The Progression of a C. diff Infection
Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clostridium difficile Infection in Adults and Children: 2017 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA)
C. diff Guidelines and Prevention Resources
Clostridioides difficile Infection
Hand Hygiene, Glove Use, and Preventing Transmission of C. difficile
C. diff (Clostridioides difficile)

HAI Basics

Discover free, on-the-go resources for healthcare providers on the basics of healthcare acquired infection (HAI), from Project Firstline and ANA.

Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)
Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI)
Surgical Site Infection (SSI)
Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP)
Reference Guide for Diseases and Organisms in Health Care Settings
Environmental Cleaning Evaluation Worksheet
Health Care Facility Water Management Program Checklist
Checklist for Prevention of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections
Norovirus in Health Care Facilities Fact Sheet
Norovirus Infection Control Recommendations
HAI Prevention Toolkits


Find important information and free resources on how to prevent healthcare acquired sepsis, brought to you by Project Firstline and ANA.

What is Sepsis?
It’s Time to Talk About Sepsis
Protect Yourself and Your Family from Sepsis
How to Get Ahead of Sepsis
Diagnosis and Treatment of Sepsis
Hospital Toolkit for Adult Sepsis Surveillance
Early Sepsis Recognition for Nurses
Think sepsis. Time matters.
Sepsis happens when...
Protect your patients from Sepsis
Sepsis Protection Pocket Guide
Signs and Symptoms of Sepsis


Find on-the-go free resources and information about Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in health care settings from Project Firstline and ANA.

What is MRSA?
MRSA in a Health Care Setting
Cleaning and Disinfecting for MRSA
MRSA Skin Infections Fact Sheet
Outpatient Management of SSTIs in the Era of Community-Associated MRSA

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