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Immunizations

ANA Position Statement

Approved: July 22, 2020, updated June 29, 2021

This position statement supersedes the Position Statement on Mercury in Vaccines, June 21, 2006.

Purpose 

Historically, the American Nurses Association (ANA) has strongly supported immunizations to protect the public from highly communicable and deadly diseases such as measles, mumps, diphtheria, pertussis, and influenza (ANA, 2019; ANA, 2015; ANA, 2006), and has supported mandatory vaccination policies for registered nurses and health care workers under certain circumstances. Considering several recent and significant measles outbreaks in the United States, as well as the global pandemic of COVID-19, ANA has reviewed our current position statement for clarity and intent and examined present best practices and recommendations from the broader health care community.

STATEMENT OF ANA POSITION

Effective protection of the public health mandates that all individuals receive immunizations against vaccine-preventable diseases according to the best and most current evidence outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). All health care personnel (HCP), including registered nurses (RNs), should be vaccinated according to current recommendations for immunization of HCP by the CDC and Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). ANA also believes that it is imperative for everyone to receive immunizations for vaccine-preventable diseases as vaccines are critical to infectious disease prevention and control. Moreover, nurses have a professional and ethical obligation to model the same health care standards they prescribe to their patients.

ANA does not support any exemptions from immunization other than for medical contraindications. All requests for medical exemption from vaccination should be accompanied by documentation from the appropriate authority to support the request. Recertification of the medical exemption is an annual obligation. Individuals exempted from vaccination may be required to adopt measures or practices in the workplace to reduce the chance of disease transmission. Employers should offer reasonable accommodations in such circumstances. ANA does not endorse philosophical or religious exemptions.

ANA strongly recommends that all registered nurses, health care workers and the public be vaccinated against COVID-19. There is significant clinical evidence on the safety and effectiveness of the three approved COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson/Janssen) being administered under the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Emergency Use Authorization process. With regard to these three vaccines, ANA does not support any exemptions other than for medical contraindications to being vaccinated against COVID-19.

As novel diseases emerge, such as COVID-19, ANA supports ongoing research and development of safe, easily accessed vaccinations for these public health threats. Vaccinations must be available and accessible to all to ensure public health and safety.

ANA POSITION STATEMENT ON IMMUNIZATIONS

 

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