Hypertension Update: Implications for Nursing Practice
Properly managing hypertension is imperative in order to decrease risk factors for developing other cardiovascular conditions and organ damage. This course explores pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options. Earn CNE credits and start learning today!
According to the 2021 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics, hypertension (HTN) affects nearly one in two (46%) adults in the United States. More men than women have HTN up until age 64, when the number of women exceeds that of men. Despite this high prevalence, only two-thirds of adults with HTN are aware of it. Of those who are aware, only 53% receive treatment. More striking is that only 25% diagnosed with HTN have their blood pressure (BP) under control (<130/80 mmHg). Control rates are lower in men than women and also in Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians (compared to Whites). These statistics are troubling because having uncontrolled HTN is a major risk factor for many cardiovascular (CV) conditions and organ damage.
To help identify those with undiagnosed HTN and to avoid complications, nurses need to understand current guidelines and treatment goals.
Key Learning Outcomes
- Describe the proper technique for obtaining a blood pressure
- Discuss the nonpharmacologic management of hypertension.
- Summarize pharmacologic treatment options for hypertension.
Leslie L. Davis, PhD, ANP-BC, FAAN, FAANP, FACC, FAHA, FPCNA
Leslie L. Davis is an associate professor in the school of nursing, PhD division, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.