According to the International Diabetes Federation, 84% of the 20 million pregnant people worldwide with hyperglycemia have Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Delve into this course to start learning today and earn CNE credits at the same time!
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) refers to any degree of glucose intolerance that starts or is first recognized during pregnancy. Frequently, GDM represents pre-existing hyperglycemia and indicates underlying β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. According to the International Diabetes Federation, 84% of the 20 million pregnant people worldwide with hyperglycemia have GDM. A report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on July 19, 2022, states that the overall GDM rate in the United States is 7.8 per 100 births, an increase of 30% from 2016 to 2020. Experts anticipate that this growing public health concern will increase in response to more people with hyperglycemia, diabetes, obesity, advanced maternal age, and sedentary lifestyles.
- Describe causes and risk factors of GDM and associated maternal complications and fetal risks
- Discuss diagnosis and screening for GDM
- Describe how patients can manage GDM with lifestyle modifications, including self-monitoring of glucose, diet and exercise recommendations, and pharmacologic treatments when necessary
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