Heart Failure Management: Updated Guidelines
Nurses play a critical role in primary prevention and management of heart failure and it is imperative that they have a clear understanding of their role in care coordination for patients at risk for or diagnosed with heart failure. Nurses are invaluable members of the multi-disciplinary team caring for persons with heart failure at any stage.
Heart Failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome that results from changes in the cardiac structure and leads to impaired ventricular filling or reduced blood ejected with each heartbeat. Nurses play a critical role in the primary prevention and management of heart failure. Therefore, it is imperative that nurses have a clear understanding of the causes, risk factors, and pathology of HF as well as their role in patient-centered management based on the 2022 American Heart As(AHA), the American College of Cardiologists (ACC), and the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA) guideline for the management of heart failure.
Deedra Harrington, DNP, MSN, APRN, ACNP-BC; Christy McDonald Lenahan, DNP, FNP-BC, ENP-C, CNE; and Robin Beacom, MSN, APRN, FNP-C
The authors work at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette College of Nursing and Health Sciences. Deedra Harrington is interim department head and full professor/graduate faculty. Christy McDonald Lenahan is graduate coordinator. Robin Beacom is senior coordinator.
Key Learning Outcomes
- Explain causes of and risk factors for heart failure.
- Describe how to prevent more severe heart failure in patients with Stages A and B.
- Discuss pharmacologic and comorbidity management of patients with heart failure.