Infection control prevents or stops the spread of infections in health care settings. To help nurses and infection specialists quickly access important resources, ANA Project Firstline has curated information from the world’s most trusted and reliable sources, including the CDC, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), World Health Organization (WHO), and others.
Nurse-focused materials applicable to everyday practice include how infections spread, how to prevent the spread, and more detailed, topic-specific resources. Check back often for new content.
This section covers IPC basics, including standard precautions and transmission-based precautions to protect both nurses and patients.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes clothing, gloves, face shields, goggles, facemasks, respirators, and other equipment to protect front-line workers from injury, infection, or illness. When used properly, PPE acts as a barrier to block transmission of infectious materials from blood, body fluids, or respiratory secretions to your skin, mouth, nose, and eyes. PPE may also protect high-risk patients from exposure to potentially infectious material. Together with hand washing, use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers, and covering coughs and sneezes, PPE minimizes the spread of infection from one person to another.
To effectively respond to public health emergencies and natural disasters, nurses must be ready to engage in emergency preparedness and response activities. These include techniques to maximize patient safety, decrease occupational exposure, and prevent the spread of infection in schools, health care facilities, and communities.
Vaccines protect people from life-threatening, preventable diseases. Healthy individuals, as well as the most vulnerable, benefit from vaccinations.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) occur among patients receiving treatment for other conditions. They can happen in any health care setting, including hospitals, surgical centers, ambulatory clinics, and long-term care facilities. Young children, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems are most vulnerable. Other risk factors include long hospital stays, indwelling catheters, failure of health care workers to wash their hands, and overuse of antibiotics.
Long-term care facilities throughout the country often lack adequate IPC knowledge and resources. Nurses can affect positive change for these facilities in their own communities with the necessary implementation tools.
K - 12 Schools
Reducing the risk of exposure to viruses and infection is an integral part of successful school operations. Frequent hand washing, proper vaccination, cleaning and disinfecting surfaces, and good ventilation practices are all important strategies to keep students and teachers healthy in a school-based or childcare-based health care setting. School nurses and other health care personnel play an important role in safely keeping schools and childcare programs open for in-person learning and other in-person activities throughout the year.
The Project Firstline program is a national training collaborative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in partnership with ANA and the American Academy of Pediatrics, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit entity.
Want to learn more about Project Firstline? Contact ProjectFirstline@ana.org
Project Firstline is a national collaborative led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to provide infection control training and education to frontline health care workers and public health personnel. ANA is proud to partner with Project Firstline, as supported through Cooperative Agreement CDC-RFA-OT18-1802. CDC is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents of this webpage do not necessarily represent the policies of CDC or HHS and should not be considered an endorsement by the Federal Government.
As a key partner in this initiative, ANA is pleased to help bring critical training opportunities and resources to better equip all nurses with the tools necessary to provide optimal patient care in a safe environment. Placement of content on this website is not an endorsement of the source nor of any particular product or service, nor should it be construed as a statement that the source, or its products or services, are superior to those of any others. ANA and/or Project Firstline may not be the primary source of the content on this website. While we make every effort to provide up-to-date relevant content, resources or information may not have been updated yet to include recent changes, new findings, recommendations, or protocols.
As a nurse, having trustworthy, accurate information is vital during healthcare crises like COVID-19. These official CDC training materials are created by IPC experts for healthcare professionals. Learn PPE safety tips, infectious disease guidelines, how to speak to coworkers and patients about infection prevention, and more. Sign up today to learn how you can stop the spread.
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