Secondary Stroke Prevention: An Update
While the broader definition of stroke includes both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, this article focuses on ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Every 40 seconds, a stroke occurs in the United States. This translates to approximately 795,000 strokes annually; of these, about 25% are recurrent strokes. Although stroke has declined from the fourth to the fifth leading cause of death in this country, it remains a major cause of adult disability and significantly changes the lives of stroke survivors and their families. The need for better stroke-prevention strategies is crucial. Without them, stroke prevalence and costs are expected to rise substantially over the next two decades. While the broader definition of stroke includes both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, this article focuses on ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Carole L. White, PhD, RN
White is an associate professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio. Dr. White has practice, education, and research experience in the area of secondary stroke prevention. She has practiced with stroke survivors and their families around secondary stroke prevention for more than 25 years. She has advanced education related to secondary stroke prevention and has participated in research studies examining different aspects of secondary prevention for more than 15 years.
Key Learning Outcomes
- Discuss the management of risk factors for stroke.
- Describe the nurse's role in secondary stroke prevention.
- State examples of tools that can be used for secondary stroke prevention.