Appointed in 1996, the Code of Ethics Project Task Force was charged with establishing a comprehensive process of review, analysis and revision of the Code for Nurses (1985)
, providing initial substantive critique and suggested modifications, creating open review process and developing final recommendations.
Barbara J. Daly, PhD, RN, FAAN
Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland, OH)
Area(s) of Specialty: Ethics, End-of-Life decisions, critical care
15 years of experience as a nurse manager in critical care, 10+ years of faculty experience, teaching ethics and doing research in end-of-life decision making and health care delivery systems for the critically ill.
Marsha D. Fowler, PhD, MDiv, MS, RN, FAAN
Graduate Schools of Theology and Nursing - Azusa Pacific University (Azusa, CA)
Area(s) of Specialty: Ethics and Spirituality
Graduate degrees in social ethics, bioethics, religion, and theology; 20+ years of teaching, research, consultation, publication, practice in bioethics, ethics, and theology/spirituality; international work/consultation in bioethics, spirituality, health ministries; certificate in spiritual direction; ordained clergy woman; inter-religious and ecumenical experience (theology, spirituality, ethics).
Theresa Drought, MS, PhD(c), RN
Regional Ethics - Kaiser Permanente (Oakland,CA)
Area(s) of Specialty:Ethics and End-of-life
Registered nurse active in the field of bioethics since 1986. Co-chairs two hospital-based ethics committees and is a member of a third. She is professionally active in many arenas, including serving as former chair for the Ethics Committee of ANA\California, consultant to the California Medical Association's Council on Ethical Affairs, and director of the Long Term Care Bioethics Consortium. Active in many local and statewide projects addressing end-of-life care. She has co-authored numerous publications on ethics. Is currently completing her Ph.D. in nursing at the University of California, San Francisco. Her research is titled "End of Life Decision Making in a Multicultural Population of Oncology and AIDS Patients: The Discourse of Advance Care Planning."
Linda L. Olson, PhD, RN, CNAA
Saint Xavier University, School of Nursing (Chicago, IL)
Area(s) of Specialty: Nursing Administration; Health Policy
E-mail: Olson@SXU.edu / LOlson1@uic.edu
Experience in nursing service administration, including Director of Nursing (Medical-Surgical areas, Critical Care, Education & Research & Quality Improvement), Assistant Director of Nursing, Manager of Oncology Unit. Primarily teaches in graduate program in content areas of Advanced Practice, Nursing administration, Health Policy, Health finance & economics, Leadership & Management. My area of research program is on organizational climate and organizational ethics. Completed PhD at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), with research on hospital ethical climate. Currently completing work toward MBA at UIC.
Kathleen (Kathy) M. Poi, MS, RN, CNAA
University Health Services, University of Wisconsin-Madison (Madison, WS)
Area(s) of Specialty: Primary Care/College Health and Nursing Administration
Background of clinical practice with young adults, administration of a large ambulatory care facility and clinical education of both undergraduate and graduate nursing students to the Task Force. She brings the practical perspective of a clinician, administrator and educator to the deliberations of the Task Force. During the first several years of the Task Force, Kathy served as the representative of the Congress on Nursing Practice.
Gloria C. Ramsey, RN, BSN, JD
Division of Nursing, New York University (New York, NY), State of New Jersey Attorney-at-Law
Area(s) of Specialty: Nursing Ethics, End-of-Life Care
Registered nurse and attorney. Has extensive experience in directing research projects and examining ethical and legal issues in health care. She served as project director for a major study of the implementation of the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) in nursing homes in New York City and has recently completed a study to determine what level of understanding is necessary to complete a durable power of attorney for health care. Currently, Dr. Ramsey is engaged in research to examine decisions about death in long-term care.
Colleen Scanlon, RN, MS, JD (Consultant)
Advocacy - Catholic Health Initiatives (Denver, CO)
Area(s) of Specialty: Oncology, Nursing Ethics
Registered nurse and attorney. Her background includes a variety of clinical positions, most recently as a Psychiatric Nurse Clinician at Calvary Hospital in New York, an acute care specialty hospital for advanced cancer patients. She has worked as a Staff Development Instructor and held staff positions in oncology, psychiatric and home health care nursing. Colleen has been involved in the creation of nursing ethics groups, co-chaired a hospital ethics committee, preceptored graduate ethics students, initiated ethics education programs and provided ethics consultation. Colleen lectures frequently and has published in Nursing Clinics of North America, Cancer Nursing, Health Progress, New England Journal of Medicine, American Journal of Critical Care, Pediatric Nursing, Nursing Management, Oncology Nursing Forum and other journals and books. She has been involved in the development of educational monographs and videos and recently co-authored a book titled Managing Genetic Information: Implications for Nursing Practice. Colleen served on the Coordinating Council of the National Center for State Courts Project on End-of-Life Decision Making which published the book Resolving Disputes Over Life-Sustaining Treatments.
Mary Cipriano Silva, RN, PhD, FAAN
Health Care Ethics, George Mason University (Fairfax, VA)
Area(s) of Specialty: Health care ethics; nursing philosophy, theory, and research
Internationally recognized scholar in the areas of nursing philosophy/theory/research and in health care ethics. She is a prolific writer with interdisciplinary connections to philosophy, linguistic, and medicine. She presently serves on 10 editorial boards and/or manuscript review panels. She also has received many awards for excellence in teaching and in scholarship is also a member of the American Academy of Nursing's Expert Panel on Ethics.
Molly Sullivan, BA, RN,C paralegal
Mercy Hospital, Allina Hospitals and Clinics (Minneapolis, MN)
Area(s) of Specialty: Labor-management relationships, Peer Mediation, organizational/clinical ethics.
Registered Nurse since 1976. Experienced in psychiatric nursing, military flight nursing, acute care (critical care step-down), hospice nursing. Currently completing graduate school (MAOL) at the College of Saint Catherine, St. Paul, MN.
John G Twomey, PNP, PhD
Graduate Program in Nursing, Institute of Health Professions at Mass General Hospital (Boston, MA)
Area(s) of Specialty: Pediatric Ethics, Research Ethics
Past Chair VA SNA Common Ethics and Human Rights; Current Chair at the RI SNA on Common Ethics and Human Rights; past/current membership on several Human Research Review Committees; currently teach several courses in health care ethics.