ANA Hall of Fame Inductee
Best known for her commitment to nursing research, Lucille Elizabeth Notter collaborated in the development of the journal, Nursing Research, as a vehicle for the dissemination of scientific inquiry in nursing. As the journal's first full-time editor, she influenced nurses to engage in research for the improvement of patient care.
Notter was also the driving force behind publication of the International Nursing Index, and was its editor from 1965 to 1973. By providing access to articles in nursing and health related journals, the index was an important contribution to nurse researchers.
Notter was born in Kentucky on July 13, 1907, the eldest of five children. After graduating from high school, she worked as a clerk in a hospital in Indiana. In 1931, Notter received a diploma from Saints Mary and Elizabeth Hospital School of Nursing in Louisville, Kentucky, and between 1932 and 1940 held various positions at Michael Reese Hospital School of Nursing in Chicago. From 1941 to 1950, Notter was employed by the Visiting Nurse Service of New York and later by the Visiting Nurse Association of Brooklyn. At the same time, she completed a bachelor of science degree in nursing education (1941), a master of arts degree in public health nursing supervision (1946), and a doctor of education degree in educational administration (1956), all from Teachers College, Columbia University.
A recognized scholar and distinguished writer, Notter authored Essentials of Nursing Research, and co-authored with Eugenia K. Spalding Professional Nursing: Foundations, Perspectives, and Relationships. During her tenure as editor of Nursing Research and International Nursing Index, Notter served as director of the American Nurses Association's research conferences which provided a forum for the exchange of scientific data and generated increased interest in scholarly inquiry. Notter's influence on the dissemination of research outcomes was significant. She believed that research was not complete until the findings were shared with other researchers as well as with those who could apply the findings to their practice. As testimony to her contributions, Notter received numerous awards and honors, including the Distinguished Service to Public Health Nursing Award from the American Public Health Association, and Honorary Recognition for Distinguished Service to the Nursing Profession from the New York State Nurses Association.
Intensely involved in the activities of organized nursing, Notter was elected secretary and president of the New York State Nurses Association. She was a strong supporter of economic security and career mobility for nurses and recognized nursing as a potentially powerful political force for the improvement of health care.